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Best Food for Type I And Type II Diabetes

Every human being is not created equal, and similarly, every healthy food is not created equally. When you have diabetes, figuring out what to eat and what to avoid can be tough and confusing. Everyone has an opinion, and every opinion is valuable as you wouldn't want to take a risk and face complications. Experts at Phoenix Family Medical Clinic say that it is not only important to prevent diabetes, but also to eat healthily. Here are some foods for diabetes.

Best foods for people with diabetes

The list of food mentioned below are best suited to both type I and type II diabetes.

Leafy Green vegetables

Packed with essential nutrients, vitamins, and minerals, green leafy vegetables have a minimal impact on diabetes and greatly influence your health. Spinach and Kale are the key greens you must include in your diet as they are rich in vitamin A, potassium, and calcium. They are also low in carbs that increase blood sugar. Other greens to include are broccoli, bok choy, collard greens, and cabbage.

Fatty fish

A healthy addition to any diet, fatty fish contains eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid, the two vital Omega 3 Fatty Acids that are important for the body. Salmon, albacore tuna, mackerel, sardines, herring, and trout are some of the fatty fish to include in your diet.

If you are a vegetarian you can eat seaweed, plant-based alternative sources of these fatty acids such as kelp and spirulina.


High in fiber and low in digestible carbs, seeds such as chia and flaxseeds are a great addition to the diet if you have diabetes. The fiber in chia seeds lowers the blood sugar level. They act by slowing the rate at which food moves inside the gut, as well as absorption. A portion of insoluble fiber in flaxseeds is made up of lignans, which help to improve blood sugar control.


Delicious and nutritious, nuts make a great snack. Nuts are high in fiber and low in digestible carbs, which aids in a significant reduction in insulin levels. The content of carbs and fiber varies in each type of nuts, but almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamia, pecans, pistachios, and walnuts are considered to be the best addition to the diet.


Apple Cider Vinegar

The sugar in apples is fermented into acetic acid which results in one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar containing less than a gram of carbs. Apple cider vinegar improves insulin sensitivity and also lowers fasting blood sugar levels. It also reduces blood sugar response when it is consumed with meals containing carbs.


One of the best foods to keep you full and satiated for hours, eggs also provide amazing health benefits. It improves insulin sensitivity, reduces heart disease risk, decreases inflammation, increases good cholesterol (HDL), and decreases bad cholesterol (LDL). When used as a part of a high-protein diet, it has shown improvement in blood sugar levels and cholesterol.

Some of the other foods that is considered to be a great addition to the diet for people with diabetes include extra virgin olive oil, squash, greek yogurt, turmeric, cinnamon, garlic, strawberries, whole grains, and beans. If diabetes is a concern in your life, visit us at Phoenix Family Medical Clinic. Our experienced physicians can help you maintain a healthy lifestyle.